The decline of the pygmy hog in Assam is mainly due to the disappearance, fragmentation and degradation of the grassland habitat on which it relies on to survive. Increasing human encroachment into the pygmy hogs habitat and exploitation of the rich grasslands needs to be addressed before the long-term recovery of the species can be realised. burning in Valmiki Nagar WS - Bihar [wlro 1984] S Oliver