What are the terai grasses?

Situated at the southern foothills of the Himalayas the sub-tropical ‘Terai’ grasslands of Assam contain some of the tallest grass species in the world. Elephant grass, Saccharum, is the dominant grass and can grow to heights of up to 8 metres every year. Other species include Phragmites karka, Narenga porphyrocoma and Imperata cylindrica. The grasslands are a unique ecosystem which provides a diverse habitat to a range of threatened species including the pygmy hog (Porcula salvania), hispid hare (Caprolagus hispidus), Bengal florican (Eupodotis bengalensis).

Grassland 02-1 S OliverThe survival of pygmy hogs is closely linked to the existence of the tall, wet grasslands of the region which, besides being a highly threatened habitat itself, is also crucial for survival of a number endangered species