Grasslands are important ecosystems that have evolved where the growth of trees is restricted and are often subjected to periodic fires, drought and grazing. This disturbance regime maintains a complex habitat supporting a diverse range of species as well as providing a livelihood for nearly 800 million people around the world.
The ‘Terai’ grasslands of Assam are sub-tropical, savannah grasslands and are dominated by very dense and tall grasses. They contain a wide variety of grass species and are rich in biodiversity. However, they are highly threatened and the intense pressures on these areas continues to destroy and degrade this precious habitat which supports so many of Assam’s threatened species.